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清明前后,种瓜点豆

干眼茶馆 2018-05-15 15:12:32

清明节又叫踏青节,在仲春暮春之交,也就是冬至后的第108天。是中国传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀节日之一,是祭祖扫墓的日子。清明节是中国重要的时年八节之一。清明节与端午节春节中秋节并称为中国四大传统节日。

历书》:“春分后十五日,斗指丁,为清明,时万物皆洁齐而清明,盖时当气清景明,万物皆显,因此得名。”清明一到,气温升高,正是春耕的大好时节,故有“清明前后,种瓜点豆”之说。

The Most Important Day of Sacrific

Some people showtheir respects to their ancestors by laying wreaths  in the front of the graves.  Qingming Festivalis a traditional Chinese festival and an important day of sacrifice for most people (including the Han Chinese and China's 55 other ethnic minorities) to go and sweep tombs and commemorate their ancestors. On this day, tomb sweeping is one of the most important and popular activities to show respect to ancestors.How Do Chinese Celebrate the Qingming Festival?There are various activities for Qingming Festival. The most popular ones, including tomb sweeping, spring outings, and kite flying, and putting willow 柳树制品 branches on gates, have been an important part of this festival since the beginning.

People often participate in a sport toward off the cold and in anticipation of the arrival of spring. The festival integrates both reverence and fun through its customs.Spring Outing


Qingming Festivalis a good time to feel the breath of spring.

Qingming is also called TaqingFestival. Taqing (踏青) means a spring outing, when people get out and enjoy the spring blossoms. The festival usually falls on a day not long before everything turns green in the north, and well into the spring flower season inthe south. It marks the beginning of the season when people spend more time outside as the weather warms up.Kite FlyingFlying kites is also an important custom enjoyed by many people, young and old, during the Qingming Festival. The uniqueness of kite flying during the Qingming Festival lies in that kites are not only flown during the day but also in the evening.

Little colored lanterns are tied tothe kites or to the strings that hold the kites. When kites fly in the evening,the lanterns look like twinkling stars.

In the past, people cut the string to let the kite fly freely. People believe that this custom can bring good luck and eliminate diseases.

Kite flying is popular throughout all of China and you will see people doing it on big squares or in parks throughout the entire country.

Foods for Qingming FestivalSweet Green Rice Balls is one of the most traditional Qingming foods.

The day before Tomb Sweeping Day wasthe traditional Chinese Cold Food Day. As time passed, the two festivals were gradually combined into one. On the cold food festival day, people used nofire and only ate cold food. Now people in some places still have the custom of eating cold food on Qingming Festival.

Different places have different foods for Qingming Festival. The traditional Qingming festival foods include sweet green rice balls, peach blossom porridge, crispy cakes, Qingming snails, and eggs. These foods are usually cooked one or two days before the arrival of the Qingming Festival.

Sweet Green Rice Balls(青团)

Sweet Green Rice Balls (青团 ) are a popular Qingming food,which are made of a mixture of glutinous rice powder and green vegetable juice, and stuffed with sweetened bean paste. Sweet green rice balls are jade-green incolor, glutinous in taste, and sweet in aroma.杜牧 “清明”诗歌

唐代诗人杜牧的七言绝句《清明》,是中国古代诗歌中脍炙人口、妇孺皆知的经典名篇。这首诗描述清明时节主人公雨中赶路的愁苦心境和问询牧童的瞬间情形,抒发异乡思亲的沉痛心情。

清明時節雨紛紛

A  drizzling rain falls on the Mourning Day;

路上行人欲段魂

   The  mourner's heart is breaking on his way.

    借問酒家何處有

   Inquiring,  where can a wine shop be found?

    牧童遙指杏花村

   A cowherd points to Apricot Flower Village in the  distance.

李宁简介:                                                           上海悠然英语学校教学校长,原英国培生教育华东区上海环球集团培训师/北美考试院院长。毕业于北京外国语大学英语系。从事海外英语语言考试考试研究15年。华东政法大学国际法学院特聘校外导师。郑州外国语学校剑桥A Level运营总监。剑桥国际考试委员会IGCSE和A Level英语作为第一语言/英语作为第二语言口语考官。06-07公派剑桥大学访问学习。国家高技能人才东部地区培训工程“英语译员”专家组成员. 在过去的15年教学中连续6年亲自带队出征牛津剑桥面试培养出众多全球顶尖名校学子:剑桥圣约翰学院/丘吉尔学院、牛津爱赛克特/贝利奥尔学院/圣休学院、美国波士顿大学、哈佛大学肯尼迪学院等。出版考试类书籍15余本(中国人民大学出出版社、外文出版社、南京大学出版社、世界知识出版版等)。

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